As other household animals, dogs are prone to many illnesses. Therefore, in order to keep them alive, it is important to consider the various diseases they may experience.
Here’s your short guide to rising canine diseases:
- Rabies: This disease is caused by a virus that affects the dog’s central nervous system. Overall it spreads through the saliva. There are several levels at Rabies. In the first stage any changes in your dog’s actions occur. When it hits the second stage the dog is very aggressive and the dog’s body parts avoid communicating with each other by the third stage. When the disease has found itself, there is no cure left.
- Distemper: It is perceived as the greatest threat to the dog species population as a whole. The signs include extreme nasal discharge, chest pressure, weight loss, coughing, gunky eyes and diarrhea. As the disease enters its later stages, it directly affects the dog’s nervous system which causes paralysis. It is a contagious disease, and air can encounter the virus. The safe dog can get afflicted even if it comes into contact with the infected dog’s excretion. Then there is no treatment for the disease until the dog is infected. This deadly disease can be avoided by giving the dog a proper vaccination.
- Bloat: It is a serious condition in a dog, where a knot happens in the animal’s stomach. This normally happens owing to over-eating. When the dog is irritated and distressed with dry heaves, then you have to handle him with bloat.
- Parvovirus: This virus has a fast kill because the signs can be seen in the dogs within hours of the virus outbreak, even killing the dog within 48 to 72 hours of the infection. This is an infectious illness, which affects the digestive system of the dog’s urinary tract directly. The virus’ effect on the dog’s heart can be seen as well. The signs include fatigue, extreme diarrhea, vomiting, and even appetite loss.
- Canine Viral Hepatitis: This disease affects the dog’s kidney, liver and blood vessels directly. The signs include appetite loss, extreme fatigue, vomiting and hemorrhages. Disease virus spreads through the other dogs’ fecal matter. Getting the vaccine will protect the dogs from this disease.
- Kennel Cough: This is the most common respiratory disease among dogs, in which the dogs can have a normal kind of cough. The illness can be mended if given adequate care.
- Leptospirosis: The disease is bacterial. It spreads out through the animals’ excretion. If humans come into contact with this virus however, they can even become sick. There are not one but several bacteria species which produce this disease in dogs. The typical symptoms of this disease are inflammation of the kidney, lethargy, conjunctivitis, low-grade fever and sometimes even blood coagulation. When the condition is more frequent the symptoms may be jaundice, diarrhea and inflammation of the intestines.
- Retinal Dysplasia: A condition in which the eye grows abnormally. Folds exist in the outer layers of the retina. It is the most common form of illness present in most dog breeds. A mild form of dysplasia causes minor problems with the vision, while an acute can lead to complete blindness in dogs. The disease also causes cataracts.
- Lyme disease: This is a bacterial disease transmitted by ticks. The dog is suffering from joint pains, appetite loss fatigue and lethargy. This disease is treated with tetracycline, an antibiotic.
To sum up, it is critical that your pet dogs recognize early signs of these diseases and visit your vet as soon as possible. Not only does this keep your dog safe but it will also keep you free from any life-threatening diseases.